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Why was Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo built?

3 min read

Asked by: Jeff Lantz

In August of 1771, Father Serra moved the mission to nearby Carmel because it offered better agricultural land and a safer political environment for the growing mission. In this new location, the mission thrived. It was closer to fresh water and land more suitable for growing crops.

Why was San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo built?

Serra wanted to put some distance between the mission’s neophytes and Fages’ soldiers. Serra found that the land at the mouth of Carmel Valley where the Carmel River (named Río del Carmelo by Vizcaíno in 1603) runs into Carmel Bay was better suited for farming.

When was the Carmel Mission built?


The Carmel Mission, also referred to as Carmel Mission Basilica, was founded by Fr. Junipero Serra in 1770, making it the second of the 21 California missions.

What is Mission San Carlos Borroméo de Carmelo used for today?

The mission now serves as an active parish church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Monterey, with regular services throughout the week and on Sundays. It is also an entertainment venue for special events and concerts performed on the Casavant organ complete with horizontal trumpets for the basilica.

Was San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo destroyed?

1880s photo of the Mission Carmel ruins. San Carlos Borromeo is the only Mission to retain its original bell and belltower. Bird’s eye view of mission. The “quadrangle” to let of the basilica had to be rebuilt through painstaking restoration–the original was destroyed in the 1800s.

What was Mission Carmel made of?

Mission Carmel is one of only three California missions built of stone, made from native sandstone quarried in the nearby Santa Lucia Mountains. A burial chapel was added to the church in 1821.

What did San Carlos Borromeo do?

In that role he was responsible for significant reforms in the Catholic Church, including the founding of seminaries for the education of priests. He is honoured as a saint by the Catholic Church, with a feast day on 4 November.
Charles Borromeo.

Saint Charles Borromeo
Feast 4 November
Attributes cord, red cardinal robes

Who built the Mission San Carlos?

Junípero Serra

Mission San Carlos Borromeo, second of the 21 California’s 21 coastal missions, was founded on June 3, 1770 by Junípero Serra.

What is San Carlos known for?

The San Carlos, the first ship to sail into the San Francisco Bay; or. King Charles III of Spain; or. The Portola Expedition that discovered the bay on the Feast of St. Charles, November 4, 1769.

What crops did Mission San Carlos grow?

Wheat, barley, corn, beans and a variety of vegetables were grown and sheep and cattle roamed nearby. It was a self-contained community.

Who built the Carmel Mission?

Father Junipero Serra

The restored Carmel Mission, a National Historic Landmark, was founded in 1770 by Father Junipero Serra, the second of the chain of California missions. The mission served as the headquarters from which Serra directed the expanding mission system of California.

Who is buried at Mission Carmel?

Both Serra and Lasuén are buried at the mission. Mission San Carlos de Borroméo (Carmel Mission), in 1791, before construction of the present church. This mission served as headquarters of Fathers Serra and Lasuén, who founded 18 of the 21 California missions. From a drawing by Jose Cardero.

What materials were used in San Carlos Borromeo?

The first buildings erected were made of wattle and daub; later, under the aegis of Father Fermín Francisco de Lasuén (1784–1803), more permanent structures were built out of adobe bricks and stone.