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Who ruled the Ming Dynasty?

3 min read

Asked by: Ricardo Diaz

Ming dynasty founder Emperor Taizu, or Zhu Yuanzhang, was born into poverty, and spent part of his youth wandering the country after his parents died following a series of natural disasters centered around the Yellow River.

Which family ruled the Ming dynasty?

The House of Zhu

The House of Zhu (Chinese: 朱; pinyin: Zhū; Wade–Giles: Chu) was the ruling house of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) and the Southern Ming (1644–1662) in Chinese history.

How many people ruled Ming dynasty?

sixteen emperors

The Ming Dynasty had a total of sixteen emperors. This article will focus on the changes that took place during rule of the following Emperors: Hongwu (first emperor), Yongle (third emperor), Yingzong (sixth emperor) and Chongzhen (sixteenth emperor).

Who did the Ming dynasty control?


Definition. The Ming dynasty ruled China from 1368 to 1644 CE and replaced the Mongol Yuan dynasty which had been in place since the 13th century CE. Despite challenges from abroad and within, the dynasty oversaw an unprecedented growth in China’s population and general economic prosperity.

Was the Ming dynasty ruled by Mongols?

1449: The Mongols invaded the Ming Dynasty territory and captured Emperor Yingzong. The Ming Dynasty began to turn from prosperity to decline. 1644: The dynasty ended when peasant rebellion from the south led to the Great Wall gates being opened to the Manchurians, who initiated the Qing Dynasty.

Who was the last emperor of the Ming Dynasty?

The Chongzhen Emperor

The Chongzhen Emperor, personal name Zhu Youjian, was the 17th and last Emperor of the Ming dynasty as well as the last ethnic Han to rule over China before the Manchu Qing conquest. He reigned from 1627 to 1644. “Chongzhen,” the era name of his reign, means “honorable and auspicious.”

Who was the best emperor of the Ming Dynasty?

Hongzhi Emperor

Hongzhi Emperor 弘治帝
Palace portrait on a hanging scroll, kept in the National Palace Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
10th Emperor of the Ming dynasty
Reign 22 September 1487 – 8 June 1505
Enthronement 22 September 1487

Who was the first Ming ruler?

Zhu Yuanzhang

The Ming dynasty was founded by Zhu Yuanzhang, who was of humble origins and later assumed the reign title of Hongwu. The Ming became one of the most stable and one of the most autocratic of all Chinese dynasties.

How did Ming Dynasty end?

On 24 April 1644, Beijing fell to a rebel army led by Li Zicheng, a former minor Ming official who became the leader of the peasant revolt and then proclaimed the Shun dynasty. The last Ming emperor, the Chongzhen Emperor, hanged himself from the Zuihuai tree in the imperial garden outside the Forbidden City.

Who freed China from the Mongols?

By 1387 – after more than thirty years of war – Zhu Yuanzhang had freed China of Mongol rule, and as China’s emperor he founded a new dynasty: the Ming.

Who took back China from the Mongols?

Zhu finally drove the Mongols out of Beijing (1368) and made himself emperor of a new dynasty, the Ming. He adopted the reign name Hongwu and, assisted by able generals, extended his rule over the whole of northern China by 1359.

What was different between the Mongols and the Ming?

Mongols completely abandoned the ideas of Confucianism and basically implemented their own policies into the Chinese society. Ming Dynasty, on the other hand, focused on restoring the formerly abandoned philosophies.

How did Mongols lose power?

Decline in the 14th Century and After
After Kublai’s death in 1294, the Mongol Empire fragmented. Many of his successors were inept, and none attained Kublai’s stature. From 1300 on disputes over succession weakened the central government in China, and there were frequent rebellions.

What did Ming do to Mongols?

The Ming dynasty 明 (1368-1644) dealt with the Mongol tribes according to the ancient pattern of “using barbarians to fight against the barbarians” (yi yi zhi yi 以夷治夷, or similar), and supported one tribe against the other, thus provoking inter-tribal fights which diverted the Mongols from raids on Chinese land.