Nederlands | English | Deutsch | Türkçe

Project Sports

Questions and answers about sports

Where was the element nitrogen first discovered?

4 min read

Asked by: Andrea Hill

Where was discovered nitrogen?

Nitrogen was discovered in 1772 by chemist and physician Daniel Rutherford, when he removed oxygen and carbon dioxide from air, demonstrating that the residual gas would not support living organisms or combustion, according to the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
Sep 27, 2017

When was nitrogen first discovered?

Nitrogen was officially discovered in 1772 by Scottish scientist Daniel Rutherford [6]. At the same time however, Carl Scheele, Henry Cavendish, Joseph Priestley and others were investigating ‘burnt or dephlogisticated air’, as air without oxygen was then called.

Where does the element nitrogen come from?

In combination, nitrogen is found in the rain and soil as ammonia and ammonium salts and in seawater as ammonium (NH4+), nitrite (NO2), and nitrate (NO3) ions. Nitrogen constitutes on the average about 16 percent by weight of the complex organic compounds known as proteins, present in all living organisms.

When did Rutherford discover nitrogen?


Daniel Rutherford, 1786. He discovered the distinction between noxious air, or foul air (nitrogen), and carbon dioxide and published his findings in 1772.

How did Rutherford discover nitrogen?

Isolation of nitrogen

Rutherford discovered nitrogen by the isolation of the particle in 1772. When Joseph Black was studying the properties of carbon dioxide, he found that a candle would not burn in it. Black turned this problem over to his student at the time, Rutherford.

Where is Nitrogens name from?

The name is derived from the Greek ‘nitron’ and ‘genes’ meaning nitre forming.

Where is nitrogen found in the ecosystem?

The largest reservoir of nitrogen is found in the atmosphere, mostly as nitrogen gas (N2). Nitrogen gas makes up 78% of the air we breathe. Most nitrogen enters ecosystems via certain kinds of bacteria in soil and plant roots that convert nitrogen gas into ammonia (NH3).

What is Rutherford famous for?

Rutherford is most famous for his discovery of the isolation of nitrogen and his inaugural dissertation. After the publication of his dissertation and completion of studies, Rutherford travelled to France in 1773 and Italy. Rutherford returned to Edinburgh in 1775 where he set up a private practice.

How was liquid nitrogen discovered?

While Rutherford worked with nitrogen in its gaseous state, over 100 years later scientists discovered how to liquidize it. In 1883, Polish professors Zygmunt Wróblewski and Karol Olszewski discovered a way to liquefy nitrogen by compressing and refrigerating the gas.

What are some fun facts about nitrogen?

Fun Facts

  • Nitrogen is odorless, tasteless, and colorless.
  • Nitrogen makes up more than half of the atmosphere’s gas.
  • Liquid Nitrogen is non-toxic.
  • Nitrogen makes up three percent of your body weight.
  • Liquid Nitrogen melts at -210 degrees Celcius or −346 F.

How was nitrogen discovered for kids?

How was it discovered? Nitrogen was first isolated by Scottish chemist Daniel Rutherford in 1772. He called the gas “noxious air.”

Why is nitrogen not flammable?

Nitrogen is not flammable. It has a very strong, triple bond that is stable and causes very low reactivity. It will not catch fire in most cases.

Is nitrogen a metal?

Nitrogen is a nonmetal and the lightest member of group 15 of the periodic table, often called the pnictogens.

What color is nitrogen?

Typical assignments

hydrogen (H) white
nitrogen (N) blue
oxygen (O) red
fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl) green
bromine (Br) dark red

Can oxygen be made from nitrogen?

It is possible to convert existing Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) based nitrogen plants to produce oxygen by replacing Carbon Molecular Sieve (CMS) used production of nitrogen with Zeolite Molecular Sieve (ZMS) and few other changes such as oxygen analysers, control panel system, flow valves etc.

What is pure nitrogen used for?

It is used to concentrate and reduce the volume of liquid samples. Nitrogen is also important to the chemical industry. It is used in production of fertilisers, nitric acid, nylon, dyes and explosives.

Can we breathe nitrogen?

Nitrogen is an inert gas — meaning it doesn’t chemically react with other gases — and it isn’t toxic. But breathing pure nitrogen is deadly. That’s because the gas displaces oxygen in the lungs. Unconsciousness can occur within one or two breaths, according to the U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board.

Can you buy nitrogen?

Nitrogen is also available in bulk gas and liquid delivery—as well as in a full range of purities and tank sizes. For those who regularly consume gas in large volumes, we offer pipeline supply systems—a more economical and reliable option to other supply modes.