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Where must emergency lighting be?

3 min read

Asked by: Jackie Cox

Where Should Emergency Lighting Be Installed? Inside the buildings, emergency lighting should be installed in all common areas and escape routes. Escape routes should be sufficiently lit and should navigate people out of dangerous situations safely and effectively.

Where should emergency fire lights be placed?

Location of Luminaires

At each fire call point and fire fighting kit At first aid points and refuge areas
Outside and surrounding each final exit Changes in floor level (ramps, steps etc)
Escalators to enable users to exit them safely Inside Lifts – People may be trapped in them in the event of a power failure

What is the British standard for emergency lighting?

Current UK regulations require the provision of a horizontal illuminance at floor level on the centre line of a defined escape route not less than 0.2 lux. In addition, for escape routes of up to 2m wide, 50% of the route width should be lit to a minimum of 0.1 lux.

What are the legal requirements for emergency lighting?

Emergency lighting legislation

Article 14 (2) (h) of the RRFSO states: “Emergency routes and exits requiring illumination must be provided with emergency lighting of adequate intensity in the case of failure of their normal lighting“.

What is the code for emergency lighting?

NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®, requires emergency lighting to be provided in designated stairs, aisles, corridors, and passageways leading to an exit in occupancies such as, but not limited to, assembly, educational, hotels, mercantile, and business.

What are OSHA requirements for emergency lighting?

There are no specific requirements that emergency lighting be provided in the OSHA Standards.

Do emergency lights have to be on a dedicated circuit?

If you are in the US (National Electrical Code territory) the emergency lighting units should be fed by the same circuit as the lighting, but it must of course be ahead of any switching.

Do you need emergency lighting outside?

You should have an emergency light outside the exit door, so if there is borrowed lighting available from street lights etc a risk assessment could be written to do away with the need for further emergency lights.

Do small rooms need emergency lighting?

The ICEL, Industry Committee for Emergency Lighting states: ‘The legal requirement is that non-domestic buildings must be safe at all times, even if mains power failure occurs. Therefore, nearly all such buildings must have emergency lighting fitted‘.

What size room requires emergency lighting?


BS 5266 recommends that rooms should have emergency lighting if: they are larger than 60m2; they have an escape route passing through them (e.g. if they have an inner room); or. they have a hazard that is identified by the site risk assessment e.g. a kitchen.

Does emergency lighting have to be wired in fire rated cable?

I’m well aware that emergency lights must be wired from the local lighting circuit and if from a central battery source the cables must be fire rated, if the lights are self contained then the cable should be the same as the local lighting circuit.

Does emergency lighting need to be hardwired?

If the electricity goes out, emergency lights must operate for a minimum of 90 minutes, according to the NFPA. In addition, the electrical supply must provide power within 10 seconds of the loss of normal power. Egress lighting must be “hardwired,” or served by the building’s primary electrical supply.

Can a emergency light be on a switch?

Switches connected in series or three- or four-way switches are not permitted in emergency lighting circuits. Additional switches that act only to put emergency lights into operation, but not disconnect them, are permitted.