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What are the effects of monsoon rainfall in India?

4 min read

Asked by: Kim Cannon

(a) Indian agriculture is largely dependent upon the water from the monsoon rains. Late, low or excessive rains have a negative impact upon crops. (b) Due to the uneven distribution of rainfall across the country, there are some regions that are drought prone and some that are flood afflicted.

What are the effects of monsoon rainfall in India Class 9?

Effect of Monsoon in India
Heavy rains in the catchment areas of the Himalayan rivers bring in floods and devastation of property and life. From early June to mid-September, between 100- 120 days is the duration of the monsoon.

What are the effects of monsoon rainfall?

Summer monsoons can bring heavy rains that destroy homes, damage infrastructure, wash away crops and destroy Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)infrastructure. During winter monsoons, dry weather can lead to drought and crop failures from lack of moisture.

What are 2 effects the monsoons have on India?

Over half of India’s population works in agriculture, and monsoon rains directly affect their incomes and livelihood. Agriculture adds up to more than 15% of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which means that when crops fail because of too little rain, the economy suffers.

What are the effects of monsoon in Indian climate?

The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas. India and Southeast Asia depend on the summer monsoon. Agriculture, for example, relies on the yearly rain. Many areas in these countries do not have large irrigation systems surrounding lakes, rivers, or snowmelt areas.

What are the effects of monsoon Class 9?

(ii) Around the time of its arrival, the normal rainfall increases suddenly and continues for several days. This is known as the ‘burst’ of the monsoon. (iii) The monsoon has characteristic wet and dry spells or ‘breaks’ in rainfall. The monsoon rains take place only for a few days at a time.

What are the characteristics of monsoon rainfall Class 11?

Characteristics of monsoonal rainfall: (i) Rainfall received from the southwest monsoons is seasonal in character, which occurs between June and September. (ii) The summer rainfall comes in a heavy downpour leading to considerable run off and soil erosion.

What are the positive and negative effects of monsoon?

The negative effects of the monsoon winds are that huge amounts of precipitation fall, leading to large floods. A positive effect brings fertility to the soil, and contributes to a good yield in agriculture.

What are the causes effects and regions of monsoon season?

The primary cause of monsoons is the difference between annual temperature trends over land and sea. The apparent position of the Sun with reference to the Earth oscillates from the Tropic of Cancer to the Tropic of Capricorn. Thus the low pressure region created by solar heating also changes latitude.

How does monsoon affect Indian agriculture?

Monsoon is one of the most important seasons for farmers for a country so dependent on its agro-industry. Most of the Indian agricultural land is irrigated by the southwest monsoon. Crops such as wheat, rice, pulses, which are a staple in Indian diets, need heavy rainfalls to grow.

What is monsoon rainfall?

A monsoon climate is characterised by a dramatic seasonal change in direction of the prevailing winds of a region which brings a marked change in rainfall. The monsoon climate results in high annual rainfall totals exceeding 1.5 m (5 ft) in many places.

What causes the monsoon in India?

The monsoon is caused by differing temperature trends over the land and ocean. In India, the southwest summer monsoon is attracted by a low pressure area that’s caused by the extreme heat of the Thar Desert in Rajasthan and adjoining areas during summer. During the monsoon, the wind direction reverses.

Why is the monsoon important to India?

The monsoon is critical for agriculture in the country since nearly 60% of India’s net arable land lacks irrigation. The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and determines the yield of several grains and pulses, including rice, wheat, and sugarcane.