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Is the muscle pump after exercise due to increased cellular Na (due to reduced ATP availability)?

4 min read

Asked by: Alyssa Weber

What is the function of the Na +/ K+ ATP pump in myocardial cells?

[3][4] The Na+K+-ATPase pump helps to maintain osmotic equilibrium and membrane potential in cells. The sodium and potassium move against the concentration gradients. The Na+ K+-ATPase pump maintains the gradient of a higher concentration of sodium extracellularly and a higher level of potassium intracellularly.

What activates the Na K pump?

The Na⁺-K⁺ pump helps to maintain the right concentrations of ions. Furthermore, when the cell begins to swell, this automatically activates the Na⁺-K⁺ pump because it changes the internal concentrations of Na⁺-K⁺ to which the pump is sensitive.

How do muscles use energy during exercise?

The source of energy that is used to power the movement of contraction in working muscles is adenosine triphosphate (ATP) – the body’s biochemical way to store and transport energy. However, ATP is not stored to a great extent in cells. So once muscle contraction starts, the making of more ATP must start quickly.

What happens when the Na +/ K+ ATPase pump is inhibited?

Since Na,K-ATPase is important for maintaining various cellular functions, its inhibition could result in diverse pathologic states. Inhibition of Na,K-ATPase causes high intracellular Na+ ion levels and subsequent increases in intracellular Ca2+ ion through the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger [16].

What is the function of sodium pump?

The sodium pump (Na/K-ATPase) not only transports ions across the cell membrane, but may also act as a digitalis-activated signal transducer to regulate cell growth. The advances in the signaling function of the pump in the heart during the past 2–3 decades are reviewed here.

What is the function of Na K ion pump?

Function. The sodium-potassium pump is responsible for transporting ions into and out of cells. It contributes to the maintenance of a cell’s resting potential both during and after stimulation.

How much ATP does sodium-potassium pump consume?

The Na+/K+ pump uses the energy of one ATP molecule to exchange three intracellular Na+ ions for two extracellular K+ ions (Glitsch, 2001). Thus, the pump is electrogenic, extruding one net charge per cycle to hyperpolarize the membrane potential.

What is meant by sodium pump?

1 : a molecular mechanism by which sodium ions are transferred across a cell membrane by active transport especially : one that is controlled by a specialized plasma membrane protein by which a high concentration of potassium ions and a low concentration of sodium ions are maintained within a cell.

What inhibits the Na K pump?


Ouabain is a cardiac glycoside that inhibits ATP-dependent sodium-potassium exchange across cell membranes. The binding of ouabain to the sodium-potassium pump (also called Na+/K+ ATPase) prevents the conformational changes necessary for its proper function.

How does the Na ATPase pump work?

The sodium potassium pump has binding sites for three sodium and two potassium ions. Let's follow the movement of the sodium ions. First after 3 sodium ions are positioned within the carrier protein

Does the Na K pump work via active or passive transport?

active transport

The sodium-potassium pump carries out a form of active transport—that is, its pumping of ions against their gradients requires the addition of energy from an outside source.

How does the Na K pump contribute to membrane potential?

The sodium-potassium pump goes through cycles of shape changes to help maintain a negative membrane potential. In each cycle, three sodium ions exit the cell, while two potassium ions enter the cell. These ions travel against the concentration gradient, so this process requires ATP.

Which type of movement occurs when Na K pump is used?

active transport

This is a type of active transport because it is going to move sodium and potassium that up the concentration gradient.

Which of the following would occur as a result of the inhibition of Na+ K +- ATPase?

Which of the following would occur as a result of the inhibition of Na+, K+-ATPase? Inhibition of Na+, K+-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) leads to an increase in intracellular Na+ concentration.

What is the function of the Na K+ ATPase during a neuronal action potential?

The main function of the N+/K+ ATPase pump is to maintain resting potential so that the cells will be keeping in a state of a low concentration of sodium ions and high levels of potassium ions within the cell (intracellular).

Is the sodium potassium pump involved in the action potential?

The sodium-potassium pump is an important contributer to action potential produced by nerve cells. This pump is called a P-type ion pump because the ATP interactions phosphorylates the transport protein and causes a change in its conformation.

What is the role of sodium and potassium in action potential?

The principal ions involved in an action potential are sodium and potassium cations; sodium ions enter the cell, and potassium ions leave, restoring equilibrium. Relatively few ions need to cross the membrane for the membrane voltage to change drastically.