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Increasing prevalence of Allergies and Poly-sensitivity in Athletes, why?

4 min read

Asked by: Marc Woodward

Why has the prevalence of allergies in the population increased?

A leading theory behind the rising allergy and asthma diagnosis rates is the “hygiene hypothesis.” This theory suggests that living conditions in much of the world might be too clean and that kids aren’t being exposed to germs that train their immune systems to tell the difference between harmless and harmful irritants

How do allergies affect athletic performance?

Allergic rhinitis and athletic performance
Rhinitis often causes changes in sleep patterns because of nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, and sinus pressure that add to tiredness and fatigue and impair athletic performance [18].

What are two reasons for increase in allergies?

There are two possible explanations-reduced immune system reliance and warmer temperatures. While these are not conclusive, they may explain the future of allergies. If the immune system continues to not need to attack germs, allergies may increase.

Do athletes get allergies?

Allergies and asthma are frequent in elite athletes. Previous studies have shown that the prevalence of allergic rhinitis in elite athletes is between 15% and 29% [1–5] and that wheezing is reported by 6% to 15% of athletes [2, 3, 6].

Are the number of people with allergies increasing?

Nevertheless, looking at data from multiple peer-reviewed sources, Nadeau says that the rate of food allergies worldwide has increased from around 3% of the population in 1960 to around 7% in 2018. And it isn’t just the rate that has increased. The range of foods to which people are allergic has also widened.

Why are allergies increasing in developed countries?

Children today are exposed to less dirt, less germs, and more hand sanitizer. In developed countries where children are exposed to less infections and less bacteria, there are higher rates of allergies and autoimmune diseases. With decreased infections, there are decreased microbial exposures.

How do seasonal allergies affect running?

This is because you’re breathing more heavily, and when you breathe in heavily, the air is cooled (even in warm weather), which causes your sinuses and lungs to constrict. Seasonal allergies can increase your risk of exercise-induced asthma, even if you don’t typically have breathing issues while running.

Do allergies impact running?

Allergies can affect running performance.
First, due to an increase in respiration during exercise, a runner takes in more allergens, such as pollens and mold spores.

Can running aggravate allergies?

Running increases your breathing rate, which makes you more likely to inhale more allergens,” explains Vijay Jotwani, M.D., a primary care sports medicine physician at Houston Methodist.

Does hay fever affect athletic performance?

Even when resting and recovering, hayfever symptoms can result in poor sleep, anxiety and increased fatigue, which in turn may adversely affect athletic performance. To perform at your peak in sport, you also want to be at your peak in both physical and mental health.

What athletes have asthma?

Accomplished Athletes Who Have Asthma

  • David Beckham. The world-renowned soccer star and heartthrob wasn’t initially public about his case of asthma. …
  • Jackie Joyner-Kersee. …
  • Greg Louganis. …
  • Paula Radcliffe. …
  • Jerome Bettis. …
  • Peter Vanderkaay. …
  • Amy Van Dyken. …
  • Tom Dolan.

What are the reasons for allergy?


  • Airborne allergens, such as pollen, animal dander, dust mites and mold.
  • Certain foods, particularly peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, soy, fish, shellfish, eggs and milk.
  • Insect stings, such as from a bee or wasp.
  • Medications, particularly penicillin or penicillin-based antibiotics.

What percent of the population has allergies?

Worldwide, allergic rhinitis affects between 10% and 30 % of the population. Worldwide, sensitization (IgE antibodies) to foreign proteins in the environment is present in up to 40% of the population.

What person has the most allergies in the world?

Johanna Watkins, 30, is allergic to almost everything and everyone, including her husband Scott, 29. She’s been diagnosed with mast cell activation syndrome, a rare and progressive immunological condition that has forced her to live in isolation in their home, in Minneapolis.

Why is hay fever on the rise?

There’s evidence that the pollutants also stimulate pollen production and increase the release of antigens in pollen grains that lead to allergic responses. It’s also thought that common air pollutants, such as ozone, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide have the potential to exacerbate allergy symptoms.

Why is hay fever worse this year?

This is because we build up a certain level of immunity to pollen when we spend time outside, so without that exposure, you may be less immune than you usually would be to pollen. “What’s more, hotter temperatures like we’re currently experiencing can worsen allergy symptoms as light produces more pollen.