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What is a choker in construction?

3 min read

Asked by: Mindy Mitchell

A choker hitch is used to tighten or snug a sling down securely to provide greater load control. When using a choker hitch, one eye of the hitch is wrapped around the load and then passed through itself and then attached to the crane or hoist hook.

What is choker capacity?

A CHOKER HITCH HAS 75% OF THE CAPACITY OF A SINGLE LEG SLING ONLY IF THE ANGLE OF CHOKE IS 120 DEGREES OR GREATER. A CHOKE ANGLE LESS THAN 120 DEGREES CAN RESULT IN A CAPACITY AS LOW AS 40% OF THE SINGLE LEG.

What percentage does a choke weaken a sling?

Vertical – When a sling is used in a vertical hitch, the full lifting capacity of the sling material can be utilized. Choker – Due to the stress created at the choke point, slings rigged with this hitch achieve only about 75% of their potential capacity.

How do you use a choker sling?


The hard to handle loads. And bundles of materials like rods or pipe that require more sling contact to hold them in place. Make. Sure the slings do not overlap at the bottom of the load.

What is the percentage (%) reduction on a sling when the choke lifting method is used?

Depending on the shape of the object being wrapped around, some charts reduce the working load limit (WLL) of a choked sling by as much as 50 percent of single- leg WLL. This reduction is due to bending and pinching of the sling body.

What are the 3 types of slings that can be used to lift loads?

Primarily, there are three types of slings – web slings, wire rope slings, and chain slings.

What is hitch in rigging?

A vertical hitch, or straight hitch, is the most basic hitch used to directly connect a load to a lifting device. On a vertical hitch, the eye of a single chain sling, wire rope sling, or synthetic sling is connected to the crane or hoist hook, while the other eye is connected to an attachment point on the load.

What of the SWL is reduced when a sling is choked?

The rule of thumb is the capacity of the sling should be reduced by one-quarter less than the safe working load for a single vertical hitch rating. As the choking angle decreases, the sling capacity decreases. A sling angle of less than 45° is not recommended.

What is a basket hitch?

Uses: The Basket Hitch employs a closed loop made of rope, or webbing as shown in the animation. It is used to hoist a load or provide an anchor point. When the Basket Hitch is used to hoist a load, there is a risk of the load sliding out of the loop. Arborists use it to create an anchor point or a false crotch.

How do you calculate sling load?

To calculate the load on a sling leg and the associated lifting capacity: Take the total load weight and divide it by the number of legs supporting the load to get the total minimum load on a sling leg.

What is the difference between SWL and WLL?

WLL vs SWL



WLL and SWL are abbreviated terms commonly used in the field of engineering. “WLL” stands for “working load limit” while “SWL” stands for “safe working load.” The main differences between safe working load from working load limit is that “SWL” is the older term.

How is SWL calculated?

SWL or WLL are calculated by dividing MBL by a safety factor (SF). An example of this would be a chain that has a MBL of 2000 lbf (8.89 kN) would have a SWL or WLL of 400 lbf (1.78 kN) if a safety factor of 5 (5:1, 5 to 1, or 1/5) is used.